In general, parenting is raising a child from the biological relationship, supporting the physical, emotion, social, financial and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Many things are considered when it comes to parenting. Factors are detrimental to the growth of the child, and life situations are the epitome of the “good-enough parenting” description in research of many scientist. But what is parenting really about? What are these factors that affect parenting? What is the basic skill that a parent should have? And, how do you exactly practice parenting.
Parenting can be done by many, and is a continuous profession in life. The most common caretaker in parenting is the biological parents. In many research, the influence of a biological parent can determine the attitude of a child. Their presence is heavily influences the mindset of a child, that is why it is detrimental to a child to have a connection with his, or her, biological parents.
In the absence of the biological family, a legal guardian comes in. Legal guardians can be grandparents, the aunts and uncles, other family members, or family friends. Legal guardians comes in, when, a parent cannot be physically present in the time of the child minority stages. In complete absence, such as death, the legal guardian will have the duty to raise the child and have the right to have full custody. Thus, any form of care by the legal guardian will, and must be, for the betterment of the child. Thus, the title of parent is one thing, but upholding it is another.
Although culture shows soon to be parents on how to raise children, it is only one of several factors that affect parenting. Social class, wealth and income are the other factors of parenting. It shows the capabilities, opportunities, and chances of parents to give a better future in their child’s upbringing.
Around the world, parenting has many styles, and skills vary from one culture to another. Some applies high level of demands, rigid and strict rules, and rigid obedience; while some have medium level of demands, responsiveness, positive reinforcement and infrequent use of punishment. Some spoil their children and have a high regard for their freedom and autonomy, while some are emotionally and physically absent with minimal communication.
Regardless of these styles, a parent must always uphold proper communication and a give and take decisions for children, to have a positive feedback from them. People practicing parenting reflect the cultural understanding of children. For example, a parent in a conservative upbringing tends to have low regards on freedom and imprints culture heavily on the mindset of the child; while parents in a more individualistic upbringing, teaches the child to be independent and to recognize one self in a mirror test. Due to different upbringing, it show the parallel ways of a child growing up, and the upbringing can become a factor of the personality of a child as it grows up to adulthood.